This claim argues that all standardized social and cultural structures and forms have a positive function. His example from his piece, "Manifest and Latent Functions", was an analysis of political machines.
From this data, the study found that the more disadvantaged a neighborhood is, the more its residents abuse drugs. The core idea of general strain theory is that people who experience strain or stress become distressed or upset which may lead them to commit crime in order to cope.
Merton points out that not all societies are happy and well-integrated, where the people function well together and all involved prosper.
Here, Merton argues, people must be willing to admit that there exist various structural and functional alternatives within society. Merton defines culture as an "organized set of normative values governing behavior which is common to members of a designated society or group".
He believed that the way these early functionalists put emphasis [vice "emphasize"] on functions of one social structure or institution for another, created bias when focusing only on adaptation or adjustment because they would always have a positive consequence.
Studies[ edit ] Strain theory was tested following its development.
This can give rise to "role strain", which can lead the individual to attempting to fulfill socially acceptable goals in means that may not be socially acceptable as explained in General String theory. In distinguishing between manifest and latent functions, Merton argued that one must dig to discover latent functions.
Merton believed that middle range theories bypassed the failures of larger theories because they are too distant from observing social behavior in a particular social setting. This prediction helped to stimulate the socialist movement, which in some countries slowed the development that Marx had predicted.
Sociology Your Compass for a New World. In reality, many wealthy politicians illustrate this when they label individuals who pose threats to their authority as criminals.
United States of America: Merton believes that some things may have consequences that are generally dysfunctional or which are dysfunctional for some and functional for others. The conflict theory originating from Marx, speaks of the struggle between the powerful bourgeoisie trying to remain lord of the powerless referring to the working class; proletariat who fight to have a better life.
According to Merton, there are also two other types of unanticipated consequences: This takes incorporates the differences in social dynamics across different peer groups in society, allowing for processes like resocialisation to interpret deviance.
Merton states that only by recognizing the dysfunctional aspects of institutions, can we explain the development and persistence of alternatives.
Criticism[ edit ] Strain theory has received several criticisms, such as: Like Durkheim and Parsons he analyzes society with reference to whether cultural and social structures are well or badly integrated. Social structures are the "organized set of social relationships in which members of the society or group are variously implicated".
When there is conformity, social identities are fostered; in the face of rebellion and innovation, this group identity is strengthened or reshaped. Merton is also interested in the persistence of societies and defines functions that make for the adaptation of a given social system. In addition to the study done by Hirsch, strain theory was explored in a study conducted by Jason D.
However, unlike Parsons, who emphasized the necessity for social science to establish a general foundation, Merton preferred more limited, middle-range theories. With the increasingly equalitarian treatment of both genders, feminist theory can help to explain us to understand the changing dynamics of female deviance, which strain and functionalist cannot adequately tackle.Strain theory, developed by Robert K.
Merton, argued that society may be set up in a way that encourages too much deviance. Merton believed there was a disjunction between socially approved means. Dec 27, · Prompt: Discuss how Robert Merton’s strain theory fits into the functionalist theory of deviance and crime.
Critically evaluate strain theory and the functionalist theory of deviance and crime from the perspective of conflict, feminist and symbolic interactionist theories.
Byym, Robert J., and Reviews: 1. Strain theory was created from the work of Durkheim and Merton and derived from the theory of anomie. Durkheim concentrated on the reduction of societal control and the strain that was caused at the individual level, and Merton analyzed the cultural connection that is present between the individual and the standards of society.
Learn About Strain Theory in Sociology An Overview of Robert Merton's Theory of Deviance.
Merton's strain theory of deviance Role model Reference group Mertonian norms Merton thesis: Robert K. Merton was born on 4 July in Philadelphia as Meyer Robert Schkolnick The third claim of functional analysis that Merton argues with is that of indispensability.
This claim states that the standardized parts of society have. Historical analysis points to the fact that the Strain Theory behind the cause of criminal behavior in the society is one of the earliest in the line.
Robert Merton (), taking a functionalist approach in the famous essay Social Structure and Anomie, Merton developed his argument through which he raised an objection to the blame on.Download