Origins through sexual selection. Freud and Konrad Lorenz said that people behaved aggressively because it is human nature to be hostile and aggressive towards people who we dislike.
Procedures One group of children simply saw a film of an adult model kicking and punching the Bobo doll. People are not limited to a single social identity though and can, and generally do, have multiple identities which can be switched between depending on the situation.
Aggressive behaviour by humans: Both the evolutionary theory and ideas from cognitive psychology, therefore, do not provide meta-theoretical explanations on which social psychology can build an integrated perspective. The participants worked in pairs, one was supposedly learning a task this person was actually a confederate of the experimenters.
American Psychologist, 50, Ethical issues- concerning psychological effects of experiment on participants. The results should therefore only be generalised to other people with extreme caution, if at all.
After 10 minutes the children were moved to another room where there were some toys, including a hammer and a Bobo doll. Deterministic approach- to suggest child would passively absorb the observed behaviour and imitate it without logical thought for the implication of it.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, Vicarious punishment may also occur, leading to a reduced response. In addition social modelling may reduce the likelihood of a response because a different response has been strengthened.
The assumption behind his theory is life and death instincts; an example of this is fighting for survival. Outline and evaluate one or more social psychological theories of aggression. Its novelty value is important in determining its effectiveness. However, lacks historic validity as it may only apply to a very specific time in US history.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26, After finding the evidence produced for each, it is my goal to draw a conclusion about which theory seems most supported and reasonable. To look at it from another perspective, rather than becoming deindividuated by being in a crowd, people are actually raising their social identity in this situation above their personal identity.
Where then can we turn?
Despite what many theorists believe, in most cases I think aggression is not biological. Should social psychology aim for a more integrated approach? However, I personally believe that aggression is highly triggered by nurture aspects that involve societal reasons such as cognitive factors, family factors, economical factors, and peer influences.
Ever wondered why children yell and scream when they want something badly? This was demonstrated in a study by Walters and Thomas who recruited participants for a study on the effects of punishment on learning. This suggests that groups do not create aggressive conditions, refuting the ideas of individuation theory.
SLT consists of four basic processes: Evolutionary explanations of human aggression Acts of terrorists e. Finally, the most influential cause is the social learning theory occurs from observing, retaining and replicating behavior observed in others. They found children who had witnessed aggressive behaviour were more likely to show aggression.
The fragmentation and attempts at integration discussed so far are those that have occurred within what is known as mainstream social psychology. The adult punched the doll and hit it with a hammer. Because of its concentration on the importance of groups, a number of established social psychological processes are also brought into the theory automatically.
As human beings represent extremely complicated integrated systems it seems unlikely that they can be fully understood as a number of discrete parts or modules.Social Psychological Theories of Aggression Essay Words | 5 Pages.
Social Psychological Theories of Aggression Social learning theorists propose that behaviour, such as aggression is learnt through observation, imitation and behaviour shaping. Outline and evaluate one or more social psychological theories of aggression.
(8 marks + 16 marks) For this question, you should discuss relevant theories such as social learning theory and deindividuation. Social Psychological Theories of Aggression Social learning theorists propose that behaviour, such as aggression is learnt through observation, imitation and behaviour shaping.
This behaviour is learnt automatically through observation of male and female role models, for example parents, peers and media characters. Secondly, one of the first psychological theories of aggression is the frustration aggression theory.
Frustration is a feeling of tension that occurs when our efforts to reach goals are blocked. If something happens to prevent people from achieving a goal, their frustration is likely to turn to aggression. Social Psychological Theories of Agression SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF AGGRESSION A number of theories have been put forward by psychologists to explain aggression in terms of social or psychological factors.
Aggression Revision: Exam essay plans Q1.
Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression (e.g. social learning theory, deindividuation) Theory 1. • Social learning theory= originated from work of Gabriel Tarde () Learning= relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience.Download