Dashes are either long or short; sometimes vertical, as if to indicate musical phrasing, and often elongated periods, as if to indicate a slightly different kind of pause.
This, and other rumors of romantic entanglements, are largely conjecture; however, it is known that her reclusiveness intensified over the years. McClure Smith has examined how Dickinson uses the trope of seduction to explore her relationship to patriarchal power.
Early publications of her selected poems were horribly botched in an attempt to "clean up" her verse; they were only restored in the collected poems as edited by Thomas H. She explored a variety of subjects: Early editors removed all capitals but the first of the line or tried to apply editorial logic to their usage.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, an American minister, author, abolitionist, and soldier. It is unclear to biographers and critics exactly what books Dickinson had access to, beyond the books that she makes mention of, often cryptically, in her letters. Hymn meter differs from traditional meter by counting syllables, not "feet.
After he wrote a piece encouraging new writers in the Atlantic Monthly, Dickinson sent him a small selection of poems, knowing from his past writings that he was particularly sympathetic to the cause of female writers.
She experimented with compression, enjambment, and unusual rhyme schemes, and also employed an idiosyncratic use of capitalization and punctuation, thereby creating a poetic style that further distinguished her verse from contemporary American poetry.
The brain is just the weight of God, For, lift them, pound for pound, And they will differ, if they do, As syllable from sound. However, unlike writers of traditional hymns, Dickinson took liberties with the meter.
She also allowed herself to use enjambment more frequently than traditional hymn writers, breaking lines where there were no natural or syntactic pauses. One of the most characteristic uses of the dash is at the end of a poem with a closed rhyme; the meter would shut, like a door, but the punctuation seems open.
A typical manuscript for a poem might include several undated versions, with varying capitalization throughout—sometimes a C or an S that seems to be somewhere between lowercase and capital—and no degree of logic in the capitalization.
Only twenty-five were given titles by Johnson, and those that were titled were often done reluctantly.
The dash was historically an informal mark, used in letters and diaries but not academic writing, and removing the dashes changes, even upon first glance, the visual liveliness and vigor of her verses. The reader is led through the poem by the shape of her stanza forms, typically quatrains, and her unusual emphasis of words, either through capitalization or line position.
Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, in Her personal habits—always wearing white, never leaving her home, refusing to receive visitors—earned her a reputation for eccentricity. The titling system used most frequently today is the numbers assigned by Thomas H.
Drawing from primarily musical forms such as hymns and ballads, a Dickinson poem is unusual in that it both slows down and speeds up, interrupts itself, holds its breath, and sometimes trails off.
Dickie maintains that the poems were written as lyrics, and should be examined as such.Online Literary Criticism Collection. Links below don’t belong? CONTACT US! Criticism about Emily Dickinson This page from the companion web site to XJ Kennedy and Dana Gioia's "Introduction to Poetry" text includes a biography, critical overview, and bibliography of the poet.
When considering the work of Emily Dickinson, psychoanalytic criticism comes into play with the role of explaining the many meanings behind her poetry, as to make the reader relate to such poetry on a deeper level or not to who she was as a human being.
Introduction & Biography "Emily Dickinson," ed. Karen Ford. Excerpts of literary criticism from scholarly authorities on Dickinson. Includes a biography of Emily Dickinson and individual discussion of the many of her most famous poems.
Modern American Poetry at Univ. of Illinois. "Emily Dickinson." An encyclopedia-type article on Emily Dickinson. Emily Dickinson composed almost poems, but fewer than a dozen were published in her lifetime. This section of the web site explores many aspects of her poetry and offers tips for reading her poetry.
An Introduction to Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson had only one literary critic during her lifetime: Thomas Wentworth Higginson, an American minister, author, abolitionist, and soldier.
After he wrote a piece encouraging new writers in the Atlantic Monthly, Dickinson sent him a small selection of poems, knowing from his past writings that he was.
Emily Dickinson's Poetry About Death "Emily Dickinson's Poems about death grew out of her reactions to the tragic events in her personal life." In three of her poems, her style of writing reflects her way of life.Download