The integral nature of relationship and healing in both nursing and most CAT may provide the starting point for meaningful curriculum discussions and decisions regarding this content. Alternative and complementary therapies in nursing curricula.
In addition to challenging religious beliefs, teaching these therapies will most certainly challenge scientific values, especially the beliefs that a good science can and should be objective, b phenomena are best understood by breaking them down into parts, and c single causes result in specific outcomes.
Keegan provides several pages of resources for the study of CAT including various associations and educational options in alternative medicine and courses in specific therapeutics.
Cultural competence in a changing health care environment. Skill development, through practice of therapies that are easily integrated in nursing practice, helps students become aware of the variety of ways in which they can promote wellness. Ching writes that in the U. Progressive relaxation, guided imagery, hypnosis, therapeutic touch, meditation, and yoga are identified as requiring higher levels of mastery.
Students read about many different therapies and systems of medicine and then select one CAT to experience; they also write a paper describing the theoretical foundations of the practice, presenting research on its use and efficacy, and describing the experience itself.
Although Kritek suggests "complementary" has "an interesting undertone of patronization in it" p. Teaching complementary Healing therapies to Nurses. Furthermore, the legal structure includes practice acts, licenses, registrations, certifications, and the development of various regulatory agencies charged with overseeing the institutionalization of the values, approaches, methods, and language Alternative medicine and unit learning outcome science in the disciplines of both nursing and medicine.
World Views, another course, examines other systems of medicine including folk practices and shamanism. Keegan offers a comprehensive review of complementary and alternative therapies and has identified a variety of categorization approaches that could be useful in curriculum development. The concern about the lack of research on CAT effectiveness warrants caution as nursing educators seek to integrate these therapies into nursing curricula.
This article will address the differing paradigms from which CAT and orthodox Western medicine derive along with research, language, educational, legal, financial and ethical issues relating to these differing paradigms.
Alternative therapies such as aromatherapy, homeopathic medicine, reflexology, acupuncture, yoga — these therapies should be used only where care professional agrees with the beneficial effects. Nevertheless, Bartol and Eakes found that nurse educators and practitioners classify some illnesses as psychogenic or imaginary and others as true illnesses.
All four courses are taught in weeklong formats that create intensity and intimacy. Practitioners are required to complete formal education culminating in appropriate degrees from institutions of higher learning. The term "traditional" illustrates the difficulty of language since it may describe allopathic medicine or it may refer to other systems of medicine such as Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine, or to the health practices of indigenous peoples such as the traditional health practices of the Navajo.
Because nursing is a science, both faculty and students must wrestle with this discomfort in a way that honors everyone and discounts no one. In the Graduate Clinical Nurse Specialist option, students take courses exploring the use of therapeutic touch and other energy-based CAT along with therapies that use the imagination such as dream work and guided imagery.
These investigators also found that disparaging terms were applied by educators to illnesses classified as psychogenic, although these illnesses actually demonstrate the integration of the bodymind.
Alternative Therapies, 5 1 Emphasis is placed on the importance of nutrition, sleep, exercise, rest and play. Bartol and Courts suggest that even though many nurses theoretically endorse a holistic view, our language and practice may reveal an underlying paradigmatic conflict.
Research is needed to provide information on which schools of nursing are incorporating CAT in curricula, what content is being taught, and the strategies for learning that are most effective.
In either case, the issue of language will need to be addressed. Finally, continuing education opportunities for learning about these therapies will be presented. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 45 4 Findings released from the integrated medicine industry leadership summit.
Providing an experiential aspect in courses has also proved to be valuable as students often experience, first-hand, therapeutic effects that are difficult to describe and quantify. Lastly, although the money spent on CAT now surpasses the money spent on conventional medicine and includes an estimated out of pocket expenditure of billions of dollars per year Eisenberg et al.
Trends in Content and Strategies for Learning This next section will first address various standards and core curriculum that have been developed for CAT.
They read about specific therapies that may be of use to them. In general, it can be said that the Scientific Revolution fostered the development of modern medicine in the West and as such the principles of that paradigm reductionism, determinism, objectivism have created a medical approach that is largely oriented to pathology and treatment aimed at the elimination or control of disease.
One course, The Dynamics of Unity, explores the philosophical and theoretical basis for holistic thinking in science and religion.Conventional medicine, alternative and complementary therapies can be used as options to relieve pain and other symptoms if desired.
The care plan has been made with information which supports their lifestyle and culture. Aug 10, · Alternative medicine: Learning outcomes Last updated: Friday, August 10, ‹ BACK TO INTRODUCTION.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to: Appreciate that herbal products and dietary supplements can cause adverse reactions and interactions like conventional medicines. Holistic healing means taking a holistic approach when seeking treatment for imbalances and choosing to live a more balanced lifestyle.
What primarily distinguishes holistic healing apart from alternative medicine, complementary medicine, and integrative medicine is that physical health is not necessarily the main focus.
1. Introduction. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) encompasses several millennia of therapeutic systems such as Ayurvedic medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as well as contemporary systems like anthroposophical medicine, naturopathic medicine, chiropractic medicine and homeopathy.
Complementary, alternative, and mind-body types of medicine can be used in tandem with allopathic medicine but are distinctly different. During a relaxation therapy skills group, the instructor discusses the cognitive skill of learning to tolerate uncertain and unfamiliar experiences.
Alternative Medicine killarney10mile.com Duke University Duke Center for Integrative Medicine specific learning outcomes from the CAHCIM competencies, learning methodology, Unit Competency Focus Medical Student Level Course/ Session Length Content Focus Primary Instructional Delivery.Download